Can we really eat to prevent the onset of diseases? Absolutely. Not some, but a lot! Yet, we still eat corn chips all the time. And drink sodas constantly. And we eat twice as much as we should. Why is that? Because we get uncomfortable and need to find things that help us cope. We live in a stressful world and need "things" to make us feel better. We also have very little time in our stressed worlds, so we go to the easiest options. I get it.
So, what do we do to stop this constant cycle? In my 24 years in this field, I have learned ONE important thing - you have to want it. I actually can see when that light comes on with clients. It may take a few minutes with me or weeks or years! But when it comes on, the real magic begins.
Often the fear of a disease will kick start you to beginning a new, healthier lifestyle. I mean you feel decent, but you went to the doctor to discuss something and boom, you walk out with a new diagnosis. Like:
Type 2 diabetes
High blood pressure
Or what is more important - you already know of a disease that runs in your family and you haven't made the decision to protect yourself yet. We want to feel our best. We don't want to take medications daily. We want to be physically able to do whatever we want! We want control of our lives! So, what's the next step?
I'm going to pick a few diseases and discuss your options. Don't worry, we don't have to pick the elusive fruit from a mountain in the rainforest. That would be fun to be on an adventure to find some ancient remedy! As long as I had an air conditioning hotel room at night!
We need cholesterol in our bodies and it actually has some vital roles. But if we have too much, it will get caught in our artery walls, causing clogs. High cholesterol can be genetic unfortunately. Other times, it's from eating too much saturated fats (from animal foods) and not enough plants. Cholesterol also rises with age, although it doesn't have too!
Need more help reading your results or want to test your cholesterol levels? Check these two options out: https://labtestsonline.org/ or https://carehere.com/ (if you are with Mercedes Benz, CareHere is your go to!)
I'm your fitness and nutrition blogger, so let's discuss those two things. Of course, I am NOT your physician, so please discuss with them first! Sometimes, a lifestyle change is all that is needed for you to improve your cholesterol numbers. If that's the case, DO IT FOR HEAVENS SAKE.
Diet: The goal is to lose body fat. Losing body fat can lower cholesterol, especially triglycerides.
Add plants and/or fruits to each meal. Examples: Dark leafy greens, carrots, blackberries, blueberries
Look for whole grain options. Adding quality whole grains can lower your risk for clogged arteries by almost 30 percent. Examples: Wild rice, steel cut oats, sprouted bread
Add legumes. They are high in fiber, which binds to cholesterol in the digestive track. Examples: Beans, lentils, chick peas
Add healthy fats. Healthy fats aide in lowering LDL (bad cholesterol) and aide in raising HDL (good cholesterol). Healthy fats have also been proven to improve body composition!
Exercise: Exercising can help you lose body fat (and blood fat in the process), help change enzymes that decrease triglycerides; and aide in reducing stress.
Aim for 20-30 minutes of exercise (cardio and strength training) each day.
Begin a walking routine daily.
Add weights to your routine. Any size weights are better than nothing! Start with a small number, such as 10 reps and move up from there.
Add body weight training if weights aren't available. Or, add it anyway! Body weight training is an excellent way to build strength. Examples: Squats, lunges, planks, plank taps, side leg lifts, push ups
All activity will count! Play with your kids/grandkids outside. Walk your dog one extra time each week (your dog will be excited)! Park a little further away from the entrance. Turn on some music and dance while cleaning. Add a "commercial break" move (do one exercise for each commercial).
Type 2 Diabetes
Diabetes is characterized by obesity, cardio vascular disease, inflammation and muscle issues. Diabetes is a serious disease that must be managed properly. The good news? Diabetes (Type 2) can be prevented and managed! Diabetes is a major factor in heart attacks, strokes, blindness and kidney failure. Lifestyle changes are such a huge part of your treatment.
Diet: Eating a diet of mainly fresh, whole foods is always my recommendation, especially with Diabetes. Having a healthy, less processed diet will typically allow you to lose weight, ultimately improving your blood sugar levels.
*Discuss a full healthy diet with your doctor of course.*
Decrease carbs/starches. This will reduce blood sugars. (Notice I said decrease, not eliminate completely.)
Replace saturated fats. Replace saturated fats, such as butter and red meat with healthy fats. Examples: Fish/Algae oils, olive oil, sunflower oil, ghee
Add more plants. Adding more plant based foods will add much needed phytonutrients.
Exercise: Exercising is so important in monitoring and controlling your diabetes. Benefits: Losing body fat, improving insulin sensitivity, improving blood sugars, reducing stress, and improvement in cardiovascular function.
Diabetes affects the way your body metabolizes energy as well. That's why disease management is so important. Follow your doctors recommendation on exercising. Considerations when beginning your program are medications, blood sugar levels before exercising, how your blood sugar levels react during exercise, what you've eaten prior to beginning, and what type of exercising you are doing.
High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure can put you at risk for numerous issues. Just like diabetes, you can improve high blood pressure with lifestyle changes, including diet and exercise, which can possibly cut your risk of future problems dramatically.
Diet: Again, eating a diet of mainly fresh, whole foods is my recommendation. Maintaining a lower body fat percentage is the goal.
Add more plants and/or fruits to each meal. Adding more plants will help lower sodium levels and will add much needed nutrients that are important to lower your blood pressure.
Add healthy fats. (I feel like I say this ten times a day!) Healthy fats have been proven to lower blood pressure. They have also been linked to improving body composition and depression. Examples: Avocados, olive oils, mixed raw nuts, coconut oils, chia seeds, fish/krill/algae oil, olives
Reduce processed foods. Reducing processed foods will help you maintain a healthy weight and will reduce your sodium intake.
Exercise: Maintaining a healthy weight is important and will likely keep your blood pressure at a healthy level. It will also keep your heart healthy!
Begin a strength training program.
Add a low-intensity cardio routine as well.
Add yoga or a meditation program to monitor your stress levels. Stress will raise your blood pressure.
Autoimmune diseases are unfortunately on the rise. They can be hard to diagnose, cause countless health issues and are extremely painful to deal with. Most are hereditary, however studies have shown that environmental and dietary factors may play a huge role. Some diseases in this category: Lupus, various Arthritis conditions, Type 1 Diabetes, Multiple Sclerosis, Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Eczema, Psoriasis, Fibromyalgia, various Thyroid conditions
Diet: A healthy diet is vital with an autoimmune disease. Each disease may have its own diet, so please consult with your doctor first. Its also very important to do an elimination diet to find the foods that cause you more problems.
I do understand the symptoms and issues associated with an autoimmune disease. So often your diet and exercise routine will suffer and need to change daily. That's the frustrating part but you can successfully manage your disease. Keep a symptom diary so you can adjust if need be.
Research your disease and the elimination diet. Research foods that trigger you.
Eliminate processed foods completely if possible.
Eat a diet of mainly fresh, whole foods.
Try the Paleo diet. Studies are showing that autoimmune diseases react well to this diet.
Exercise: This is a touchy subject! exercise is very important if you are suffering from an autoimmune disease. However, you must find the activity that you can tolerate and recover well from. Be careful and start slow.
Add small activities. Start with 20 minutes daily and add as you can tolerate.
Be careful with your specific issues and always allow yourself ample recovery time.
Try body weight exercises. Examples: Squats, Push-ups, Planks, Leg lifts
Add a core routine. Maintaining a healthy weight, especially in your mid-section is important. Begin with 10 minutes daily.
Add a stretching and meditation routine. Be careful, as some autoimmune diseases make your muscles more elastic.
With each disease outlined here, the main takeaways are basically the same. Eat a healthy diet for you and do your best to maintain an exercise routine. I'm not saying that you have to eat only that elusive fruit or compete in a ultra marathon to be healthy. Be the best version of you. And do it for you, not your family or society - do it for you.
I encourage you to always find what helps you feel better and what helps you cope with your disease. Having a disease is a horrible thing and why not prevent that if at all possible? If you have concerns or questions about your health, ALWAYS fight until you are satisfied with the answer. I know I only touched a tiny tip of the information that is out there about disease prevention but I hope this sparked something inside of you to begin your research.
As always, if you need nutrition or exercise recommendations specifically to you, please reach out to me. Best of luck!
P.S.- Here's some extra info!
Reference: Precision Nutrition textbook, blog, etc.